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Discussion about temperament and discipline.
Current Issue of BDINews
Caring for the High Maintenance Child
By Kate Andersen.

Power Struggles, April, 2014.
Dear Kate:
My six-year old son and I are constantly battling. He is very, very stubborn....
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  Temperament and Parenting
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 Temperament FAQS
 
1. What is temperament? Where do the characteristics come from?
Temperament is behavioral style: the how of behavior rather than the what or why. Temperamental differences are present at birth; they influence how children behave toward individuals and objects in their environments and how they are affected by the environment.

Temperament characteristics explain in part how individuals with many stresses may do well while some with little or no stress have difficulty.
 

2.
How do temperament characteristics affect parenting?

While some infants are mild and joyful others are irritable and cry persistently. Easy babies are so pleasant to care for they may receive (and give back) loads of affection and attention. The fussy, spirited child may scream and kick when given attention. As development unfolds, the fussy child may feel aversive to the caregiver and may receive less nurturance and affection.

This is a striking reality for some parents who have an easy baby followed by a feisty one (or vice-versa). Many parents feel guilty and wonder if they have done something to harm their child because the spirited ones are so much more difficult to raise.
 

3. Are spirited infants and children more likely to have emotional and behavioral problems?

Temperament may make certain children in certain environments more likely to have these problems. These 'risk factors' occur when there is a mismatch between the child's temperament and some demand in the environment-a poor fit between the child's temperament and the expectations for behavior in the situation. 'Easy' babies and children may have 'protective' factors where mismatches are rare and the rate of conflict is low.
 

4. How can professionals help parents deal with infants and children who have difficult temperament characteristics?


There are four basic ways to use temperament information to help children and their caregivers:
a)
Education about the existence of temperament differences;
b) Individual behavioral assessment of a particular child, using a standardized      questionnaire;
c) Environmental intervention; systematically changing the environment to      accommodate temperamental characteristics;
d) Support groups to share experiences, discuss parenting techniques, and      strategies for coping with a spirited youngster.
 
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   Parenting Info:
 
Temperament FAQs
Get answers!
to some common questions about behavioral style.
Origins, impact on parenting, risk for behavioral issues, relationship to
ADHD, and other topics.
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Goodness of Fit
Getting to know your child
How temperament is assessed.
Poor fit can lead to stress
and possibly emotional or behavioral problems
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Getting help
Providers
When professional help is needed
There are qualified individuals
from several disciplines who counsel parents and children.
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Books for parents
Spirited child?
Find out how to meet the challenge.
Learn how to identify and cope
with temperament traits in your child.
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